Turkish court removes Wikipedia ban after 3 years
A court in Turkey's capital Ankara ruled on Wednesday to lift a ban on Wikipedia, after a decision by the country's top court that the block breached freedom of expression.
Turkish authorities had blocked the online encyclopedia on April 29, 2017, after which its parent organization, the Wikimedia Foundation, filed a case against the ban with the country's Constitutional Court.
CRIMINAL COURT HAD BLOCKED THE WEBSITE IN 2017
A lower court in Ankara sent its decision to the Information and Communication Technologies Authority for further action.
The Constitutional Court based its ruling on decisions by the European Court of Human Rights, European Council and UN about freedom of internet and expression. It underlined that Wikipedia had millions of users and helped all in their ability to access information. A lower criminal court had blocked the website in 2017 due to articles and comments alleging Turkey was aligned with various terrorist groups.
The ruling also said that Turkey's courts had not initiated any investigations or hearings on the writers of the controversial information, for which the website was blocked.
It concluded that administrative and judicial authorities had not been able to demonstrate that the restriction on accessing the website was justified. The court added: "For these reasons, it was concluded that the decision to block access to the Wikipedia website did not comply with the requirements of the democratic social order."